American Friends' letters
Scope and Contents
The letters and documents in this collection, including many by prominent Friends, shed light on several aspects of Quaker history and thought from religious to economic and cultural developments. Topics discussed include news of family and Friends, slavery and freedmen, Native Americans, Society of Friends affairs and controversies (e.g. Elias Hicks American Friends' Letters and the Separation of 1827-1828, the Wilbur-Gurney controversy, the Richmond Declaration of Faith), as well as women's suffrage, Japan, missionary work, ministers, spiritual matters, business, education, Friends and the military, etc. Among the letters are those of Phineas Pemberton, 1682, on education and temperance; Thomas Chalkley, 1742, on women's dress; Nicholas Waln, 1766, relating to commerce; Richard Partridge, 1749, on trade and Canada expedition; John Hunt, 1742, on shipping and privateers; John Woolman, 1763, on religious affairs; Isaac Zane, 1777, on iron works and Revolutionary War events; Henry Drinker and John Pemberton, 1777, relating to their exile in Winchester, Virginia.
Correspondents include Moses Brown, George Churchman, Elijah Coffin, Elihu Grant, Stephen Grellet, Mary Coates Groth, J. Rendel Harris, Elias Hicks, John Hunt, Esther B. Jones, Jesse Kersey, Benjamin W. Ladd, Joseph Mendenhall, Lucretia Mott, William H. Nicholson, Robert Pleasants, James E. Rhoads, Elbert Russell, William Savery, Joseph Turner, John Greenleaf Whittier, John Woolman and others. Also includes papers of Masters and Sharpless families.
The collection is open for research use.
Standard Federal Copyright Laws Apply (U.S. Title 17).
Quakers, also known as Friends, comprise a Christian religious movement called The Religious Society of Friends. The Religious Society of Friends began in England in the 17th century, and Quakers first arrived in North America in the mid-17th century. After facing persecution in Puritan Massachusetts, many Quakers settled in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, on Lenape land, following the lead of prominent Quaker William Penn. Quakers are organized into local congregations, called Meetings (often Monthly Meetings), and larger organizations, called Yearly Meetings. The Philadelphia Yearly Meeting, for example, joins together many Monthly Meetings in the Pennsylvania and New Jersey area.
19 boxes (19 boxes)
The collection is composed chiefly of letters of members of the Society of Friends in the United States from the 17th to the 20th centuries; there are also documents, clippings, published articles, and miscellaneous manuscripts.
Original processing information unknown. Revised by Allison Hall; completed June, 2020.
- Brown, Moses, 1738-1836
- Churchman, George, 1730-1814
- Coffin, Elijah, 1798-1862
- Grant, Elihu, 1873-1942
- Grellet, Stephen, 1773-1855
- Groth, Mary Coates
- Harris, J. Rendel (James Rendel), 1852-1941
- Hicks, Elias, 1748-1830
- Hunt, John, 1711 or 1712-1778
- Jones, Esther A. Balderston, 1891-1967
- Kersey, Jesse, 1768-1845
- Ladd, Benjamin
- Masters family
- Mendenhall, Joseph
- Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880
- Nicholson, William H. (William Hopkins), 1827-1908
- Pleasants, Robert, 1723-1801
- Rhoads, James E. (James Evans), 1828-1895
- Russell, Elbert, 1871-1951
- Sharpless family
- Slavery and the church -- Society of Friends
- Society of Friends -- Education
- Society of Friends -- Indian affairs -- History
- Society of Friends -- Missions -- Japan
- Society of Friends -- Wilburite controversy
- Spiritual life -- Society of Friends
- Turner, Joseph, 1765-1841
- Whittier, John Greenleaf, 1807-1892
- Women -- Suffrage -- United States -- History
- Woolman, John, 1720-1772
- American Friends' letters, 1682-1986
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
- Language of description note
- June, 2020: Revised by Allison Hall
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