Charles Schumacher Collected Papers
Scope and Contents
These papers include biographical information; correspondence, 1930-1948; and photographs. Most of this collection consists of correspondence from Schumacher's friends during the years he was in Civilian Public Service.
- Schumacher, Charles, 1919- (Person)
Language of Materials
Materials are in English.
Limitations on Accessing the Collection
This collection is stored off-site. Please contact the Curator at least two weeks in advance of a visit to the Peace Collection to discuss retrieval of off-site materials.
Copyright and Rights Information
Charles Schumacher was born in Bluffton (Ohio) in 1919. His college degree was in chemical engineering; he later earned an M.S. in chemistry at the University of Akron (Ohio). He married Mary Koontz on January 28, 1950; they had five children. Schumacher, a member of the General Conference Mennonite Church, chose conscientious objector status during WWII. He entered Civilian Public Service on January 24, 1944 and served at three different locations: at CPS Camp #28 in Medaryville (Inidiana) for about 6 months; at CPS Camp #103 in Missoula (Montana) where he worked as a smokejumper with the U.S. Forest Service for about 2 years; and at CPS Camp #141 in Gulfport (Mississippi). Most of his collection of papers is made up of correspondence from his men and women friends during the years he was in CPS. While in the Smokejumpers unit, he met Helen Brunner, a graduate student in music at the University of Washington. Brunner, who was from West Linn (Oregon), became his fiancée and they were planning to marry on August 4, 1945, in spite of stiff resistance from her mother who hated Schumacher for being a conscientious objector. According to Schumacher, Brunner's mother faked a heart attack the day before the scheduled wedding, and because of her it was never rescheduled, in spite of pleas from Schumacher for several years. Brunner started teaching music in 1945; she never married and took care of her mother throughout her life. Brunner, born in 1919, died just five days after her mother, on April 10, 1986. After Schumacher's wife died, he found a packet of letters from Brunner in his attic and decided to institute a search for her, but she had already died as well. Schumacher's first job after CPS was as a chemical engineer for Firestone in their synthetic rubber plant in Akron (OH). After his marriage, he moved to San Francisco (California) and worked for 35 years as a project engineer / manager on chemical and refinery projects for American Bechtel Co. This included several long stints in Australia, London (England), Saudi Arabia, and in Qatar. He currently resides in Snohomish (Washington).
1.88 Linear Feet (22.5 linear in.)
Charles Schumacher was a chemist, chemical engineer and conscientious objector to World War II. He entered Civilian Public Service in 1944 and served in three CPS camps.
Other Finding Aids
For the catalog record for this collection, and to find materials on similar topics, search the library's online catalog
The Swarthmore College Peace Collection is the official repository for these papers/records.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Gift of Charles Schumacher, 2003 (acc. 03A-024, 03A-038)
Photos of friends and of other CPS camps were removed to Photograph Collection.
Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendents, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
Processed by SCPC staff; checklist prepared by Anne Yoder, Archivist, in March 2003; added to May 2007.
- Civilian Public Service
- Civilian Public Service. Camp (Gulfport, Miss.)
- Civilian Public Service. Camp (Medaryville, Ind.)
- Civilian Public Service. Camp (Missoula, Mont.)
- Conscientious objectors -- United States -- History -- Sources
- Pacifists -- United States -- History -- Sources
- Schumacher, Charles, 1919-
- Smokejumpers -- United States -- History -- Sources
- World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious objectors -- United States -- Sources
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
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