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The People's Council of America for Democracy and Peace grew out of the First American Conference for Democracy and Terms of Peace, held in New York, May 1917. It was organized to work for an early and liberal peace at the end of the World War. It favored world organizations, and disapproved of conscription.
The Emergency Peace Federation was organized to oppose U.S. drift into the the first world war. In July 1917 the Federation merged with the People's Council of America for Democracy and Peace.