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American Civil Liberties Union: National Committee on Conscientious Objectors Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-022
Overview The roots of the NCCO began shortly after conscription in WWII was instituted. Little is known about the New York Office of the NCCO. It was headquartered at 31 Union Square West in New York City (NY) where the ACLU had its offices, and was likely set up in 1940, under the chairmanship of Norman Angell, and stayed in existence through 1945. In Washington (DC), the Temporary Committee for Legal Aid to Conscientious Objectors was formed in 1940. R. Boland Brooks had gone to NSBRO (National...
Dates: 1940-1946

American Friends Service Committee Collected Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-American Friends Service Committee
Abstract

The American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) was set up in June 1917 as an outgrowth of and coordination point for the anti-war and relief activities of various bodies of the Religious Society of Friends in the United States.

Dates: 1917-

Bent Andresen Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Andreson, Bent
Abstract

Bent Andresen registered as a conscientious objector during WWII, and was sent to a Civilian Public Service in 1944. Andresen participated in a "guinea pig project" in which he and several other C.O.s lived in a refrigerated room for three months to test the impact of a high-protein diet on cold-weather conditions. He went AWOL in 1945 and was sentenced to two years in prison. Andreson was involved in various peace/justice groups throughout his lifetime.

Dates: 1928-1991

Bennett W. Andrews and Florence N. Andrews Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-DG-209
Abstract

Bennett Andrews was an absolutist conscientious objector during World War II. He served a five year sentence Danbury Prison, a federal penitentiary, in Connecticut. There he worked in a number of positions in the prison. Bennett Andrews was released from prison on July 11, 1946 and received amnesty from President Truman in 1947. Florence Andrews (born in 1913) married Bennett on July 22, 1938. She was also a strong pacifist, who fully supported her husband's C.O. stance.

Dates: 1940-1950, 1979-1980

Association of Catholic Conscientious Objectors Collected Records

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Association of Catholic Conscientious Objectors
Dates: 1940-1946

Lew Ayres Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Ayres, Lew
Abstract

Primarily clippings from 1942, when Ayres became a conscientious objector.

Dates: Majority of material found in 1942

Harold Barton Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Barton, Harold
Abstract In the early 1940s National Mental Health Foundation originated in 1944-1945 when Harold Barton and three associates, serving at Byberry State Hospital in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), announced plans for a national campaign to improve the conditions in mental hospitals. The exposure of these conditions through the efforts of men serving in CPS, and their efforts to be a nonviolent presence in mental institutions, began a new movement in mental health care in the U.S. The National Mental...
Dates: Majority of material found within 1944-1949

Charles Bloomstein Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Bloomstein, Charles
Abstract

Charles Bloomstein (1913 - 2002) was involved in a number of organizations that promoted civil rights, as well as peace. He was a conscientious objector during World War II, and served in Civilian Public Service (CPS) for three years.

Dates: Majority of material found within 1938-2002

Wilmer Brandt Collected Papers

 Collection
Identifier: SCPC-CDG-A-Brandt, Wilmer
Overview

Brandt was a conscientious objector to war, a Quaker, and interested in peace throughout his life.

Dates: Majority of material found within 1952-2007

Civilian Public Service Fund Committee of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Records

 Collection
Identifier: QM-Phy-510
Scope and Contents

Records of contributions and related correspondence of the Civilian Public Service Fund Committee of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting (Hicksite), 1941-1945.

Dates: 1941-1945

Filtered By

  • Subject: World War, 1939-1945 X
  • Subject: Conscientious objectors -- United States X

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Additional filters:

Library
Swarthmore College Peace Collection 47
Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections 4
Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College 4
Quaker Meeting Records at Haverford College Quaker & Special Collections and Friends Historical Library of Swarthmore College 1
 
Subject
Conscientious objectors -- United States -- History -- Sources 37
Pacifists -- United States -- History -- Sources 27
World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious objectors -- United States -- Sources 25
Draft resisters -- United States -- History -- Sources 17
World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious Objectors -- United States 11
∨ more
World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious objectors -- Sources 11
Quakers -- United States -- History -- Sources 9
Conscientious objectors -- United States 7
Conscientious objection -- United States -- History -- Sources 5
Draft -- United States -- History -- Sources 5
Government, Resistance to -- United States -- History -- Sources 5
Amnesty -- United States -- History -- Sources 4
Pacifists -- United States 4
Society of Friends -- War relief and reconstruction 4
Civil rights -- United States -- History -- Sources 3
Nonviolence -- United States -- History -- Sources 3
Pacifism -- United States -- History -- Sources 3
Psychiatric hospitals -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- History -- Sources 3
War -- Moral and ethical aspects -- History -- Sources 3
Conscientious objection -- Religious aspects -- Society of Friends 2
Conscientious objection -- United States 2
Draft resisters -- United States 2
I-W service 2
Japanese Americans -- Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945 -- Sources 2
Korean War, 1950-1953 -- Conscientious objectors -- Sources 2
Pacifism -- History -- Sources 2
Peace -- Religious aspects -- Society of Friends -- History -- Sources 2
Peace -- Societies, etc. 2
Peace -- Societies, etc. -- History -- Sources 2
Political prisoners -- United States -- History -- Sources 2
Quakers -- Pennsylvania -- History -- Sources 2
Selective conscientious objection -- United States -- History -- Sources 2
Socialists -- United States -- History -- Sources 2
Vietnam War, 1961-1975 -- Conscientious objectors -- Sources 2
Vietnam War, 1961-1975 -- Protest movements -- United States -- Sources 2
World War, 1939-1945 -- Civilian relief 2
World War, 1939-1945 -- Conscientious Objectors 2
World War, 1939-1945 -- Draft resisters -- United States -- Sources 2
World War, 1939-1945 -- Moral and ethical aspects 2
World War, 1939-1945 -- Prisoners and prisons -- Sources 2
World War, 1939-1945 -- Religious aspects 2
Actors -- United States 1
African American civil rights workers -- History -- Sources 1
African American pacifists -- History -- Sources 1
African Americans -- Civil rights 1
African Americans -- Civil rights -- History -- Sources 1
African Americans -- Segregation -- History -- Sources 1
Algeria -- History -- Revolution, 1954-1962 1
Antinuclear movement 1
California -- Politics and government 1
Charities -- France 1
Charities -- Germany 1
Church work with gays -- Society of Friends 1
Civil rights -- Societies, etc. -- History -- Sources 1
Civil rights -- United States 1
Civil rights -- United States -- History -- 20th century -- Sources 1
Civil rights movements -- United States -- History -- 20th century -- Sources 1
Civil rights workers -- United States 1
Civil rights workers -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
Communal living -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
Conscientious Objectors -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
Conscientious objection -- History -- Sources 1
Conscientious objection -- Religious aspects -- Mennonites -- History -- Sources 1
Conscientious objection -- Societies, etc. 1
Conscientious objection -- Societies, etc. -- History -- Sources 1
Conscientious objectors -- California, Northern -- History -- Sources 1
Conscientious objectors -- History -- Sources 1
Conscientious objectors -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- History -- Sources 1
Conscientious objectors -- United States -- Correspondence 1
Cooking, American 1
Counseling -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
Disarmament 1
Draft -- United States 1
Dukhobors -- History 1
Environmentalists -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
Food service 1
Food supply 1
Freedom of speech -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
Homosexuality -- Religious aspects -- Society of Friends 1
Illinois -- Politics and government 1
Indians of North America -- Civil rights 1
International relief 1
International relief -- France 1
International relief -- Germany 1
International relief -- Societies, etc 1
Jews -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
Journey of Reconciliation, 1947 1
Judges -- United States 1
Korean War, 1950-1953 -- Draft resisters -- Sources 1
Korean War, 1950-1953 -- Jews -- Sources 1
Lawyers -- Pennsylvania -- History -- Sources 1
Lawyers -- United States 1
Lawyers -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
Liberation (New York, N.Y. : 1956) 1
Lobbying -- California 1
Lobbying -- Illinois 1
Lobbying -- United States 1
Lobbying -- Wisconsin 1
Loyalty oaths -- United States -- History -- Sources 1
Mennonites -- Charities 1
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Language
English 55
Undetermined 1
 
Names
Civilian Public Service 28
American Friends Service Committee 11
French, Paul Comly, 1903-1960 7
Muste, Abraham John, 1885-1967 6
Thomas, Evan W. (Evan Welling), 1890-1974 6
∨ more
Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.) 4
Furnas, Paul J. 4
War Resisters League 4
Baldwin, Roger N. (Roger Nash), 1884-1981 3
Byberry State Hospital (Pa.) 3
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Philadelphia, Pa.) 3
Cornell, Julien D., 1910- 3
DeSilver, Harrison 3
Holmes, John Haynes, 1879-1964 3
Kaufman, Abraham 3
Metropolitan Board for Conscientious Objectors 3
American Civil Liberties Union 2
American Friends Service Committee. Committee on Rights of Conscience 2
Andresen, Bent, 1908-1991 2
Barr, Allen H. 2
Benson, Purnell Handy, 1913- 2
Boss, Charles F. (Charles Frederick), 1888- 2
Brethren Service Committee 2
Bromley, Ernest 2
Bromley, Marion, -1996 2
Brooks, R. Boland 2
Butcher, Agnes Young, 1921-2005 2
Cary, Stephen G. 2
Central Committee for Conscientious Objectors 2
Civilian Public Service Union 2
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Big Flats, NY) 2
Corfman, Rex 2
Dellinger, David T., 1915-2004 2
Evans, Edward W. (Edward Wyatt), 1882-1976 2
Finch, Henry Le Roy 2
Friends Committee on National Legislation (U.S.) 2
Gara, Larry 2
Hill, Lewis K. 2
Hutchinson, Dorothy H. (Dorothy Hewitt), 1905-1984 2
Lazarus, Frieda Langer 2
MacAdam, Ruth E. 2
Man, Albon 2
Mennonite Central Committee 2
National Committee on Conscientious Objectors (U.S.) 2
Peacemaker Movement 2
Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of Friends (Hicksite : 1827-1955). Civilian Public Service Fund Committee 2
Phillips, Randolph Godfrey 2
Randolph, A. Philip (Asa Philip), 1889-1979 2
Reeves, George B., 1905- 2
Stanton, William Macy, 1919-1995 2
Tatum, Arlo D. 2
Tatum, Lyle 2
Thomas, Norman, 1884-1968 2
Whitney, Norman J. (Norman Jehiel), 1891-1967 2
Wilhelm, Paul A. 2
Willoughby, George, pacifist 2
Winchester, Harold P. 2
A Quaker Action Group 1
Ahimsa Farm 1
Albert, Alfred, 1908- 1
Alexander, Howard W. (Howard Wright), 1911-1985 1
Alexander, Mary Alice 1
Allinson, Brent D. (Brent Dow) 1
Alternatives to Violence Project 1
American Forum for Socialist Education 1
American Friends Service Committee. China Program 1
American Friends Service Committee. Civilian Public Service 1
American Legion 1
Andrews, Bennett W., 1906-1994 1
Andrews, Florence N., 1913- 1
Angell, Ernest, 1889-1973 1
Angell, Norman, 1874-1967 1
Angell, Stephen Ward, 1952- 1
Association of Catholic Conscientious Objectors 1
Axford, Roger W. 1
Ayres, Lew, 1908-1996 1
Baer, Gertrude 1
Barton, Harold E. L., 1916-2005 1
Benoit, Emile 1
Big Flats Defense Committee 1
Bliss, George I. 1
Bloomstein, Charles 1
Brandt, Willy 1
Brandt, Wilmer, 1920- 1
Branson, J. (Julia) 1
Break with Conscription Committee 1
Briggs, Franklin Humphrey, 1916- 1
CARE Inc. 1
Chicago Conference on Social Action (1943) 1
Children's Creative Response to Conflict Program 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp #103 (Missoula, Mont.) 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp (China Unit) 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Coleville, Calif.) 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Gulfport, Miss.) 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Lagro, Ind.) 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Medaryville, Ind.) 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Merom, Ind.) 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Missoula, Mont.) 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Powellsvile, Md.) 1
Civilian Public Service. Camp (Trenton, N.D.) 1
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